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Aberrant phosphoinositide metabolism in Alzheimer's disease.
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1993;695():46-9.
Since phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) is one of the key molecules in signal transduction, its involvement was assessed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The phosphatidyl-inositol (PI)-specific PLC activity in the Alzheimer cytosolic and particulate fractions was not significantly different from that in the control fractions. The PI-specific PLC activity as a function of the free Ca2+ concentration was also similar between control and Alzheimer brains. These results suggest that the PI-specific PLC activity is not altered in AD. Immunostaining of a specific antibody against the PLC isozyme, PLC-delta, demonstrated that this enzyme was abnormally accumulated in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), the neurites surrounding senile plaque (SP) cores, and neuropil threads in AD brains. Western blot analysis confirmed that PLC-delta was concentrated in the paired helical filament (PHF)-rich fraction of AD brains. PLC-delta marked the same neurons containing tau immunoreactivity and yet tau and PLC-delta often marked different structures within the same neuron, with tau more clearly on NFT and PLC-delta covering it superficially. The double stain with PLC-delta and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) binding suggest that PLC-delta is an intracellular marker, showing little overlap with bFGF binding, an extracellular marker. All of this was consistent with the electron microscopy, with PLC-delta being NFT associated. Antibodies to other PLC isozymes did not produce positive immunostaining of these pathologic structures. Moreover, diffuse and amorphous deposits of PLC-delta were found to precede the accumulation of fibrillary deposits. These results suggest that PLC-delta accumulation plays a possible role in the formation of intraneuronal inclusions in AD.
2 Originating Grant
1 September 1990 - 30 November 2000
NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
Total Funding: $ 1,191,333
1 April 1988 - 30 June 1995
NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
Total Funding: $ 536,600
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