The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Lack of coreceptor allows survival of chronically stimulated double-negative alpha/beta T cells: implications for autoimmunity.
Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
The Journal of experimental medicine 2001;193(10):1113-21.
Lymphoproliferative diseases are characterized by massive accumulation of CD4(-)CD8(-)B220(+) (double-negative [DN]) T cells in peripheral organs. Although evidence indicates these cells are derived from mature autoreactive alpha/beta T cells, the significance of coreceptor downregulation is not known. In this study, we examined the role CD4 coreceptor plays in the survival of repeatedly stimulated T cells. CD4(+/+) and CD4(-/-) T cells from AND T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice exhibited similar phenotypes after antigenic stimulation, but the CD4(-/-) T cells survived in much larger numbers than the CD4(+/+) cells upon primary and secondary major histocompatibility complex (MHC)/peptide stimulation. Enhanced survival of CD4(-/-) T cells was due to decreased apoptosis rather than enhanced proliferation. Similarly, circumvention of the CD4/MHC interaction by using a surrogate TCR ligand that does not engage CD4 led to significant enhancement of CD4(+/+) cells than when stimulated with MHC/peptide. Finally, we generated DN B220(+) T cells using an in vitro model system and showed they were more tolerant to chronic stimulation than CD4(+/+) cells. Together, these results indicate that coreceptor engagement controls expansion of normal T cells. In the absence of coreceptor, T cells survive chronic stimulation and express B220 as seen in autoimmune lymphoproliferative diseases.
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