The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Effects of vitamin C and vitamin E on in vivo lipid peroxidation: results of a randomized controlled trial.
Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore 21205-2223, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
The American journal of clinical nutrition 2002;76(3):549-55.
BACKGROUND: Lipid peroxidation may be important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, particularly in its earliest stages. Evidence predominantly from in vitro studies suggests that antioxidant vitamins can prevent lipid peroxidation and that vitamin C and vitamin E have synergistic effects. However, in vivo evidence in support of these hypotheses is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effects of vitamin C and vitamin E, alone or in combination, on in vivo lipid peroxidation. DESIGN: We conducted a placebo-controlled, 2 x 2 factorial trial of vitamin C (500 mg ascorbate/d) and vitamin E (400 IU RRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate/d) supplementation in 184 nonsmokers. The mean duration of supplementation was 2 mo. The outcome measures were changes from baseline in urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha), urinary malondialdehyde + 4-hydroxyalkenals, and serum oxygen-radical absorbance capacity. RESULTS: The within-group mean changes (and 95% CIs) in urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (pg/mg creatinine) were 9.0 (-125.1, 143.1), -150.0 (-275.4, -24.6), -141.3 (-230.5, -52.1), and -112.5 (-234.8, 9.8) in the placebo, vitamin C alone, vitamin E alone, and vitamins C + E groups, respectively. No synergistic effect of these 2 vitamins on urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) was observed (P = 0.12). Neither vitamin had an effect on urinary malondialdehyde + 4-hydroxyalkenals. Vitamin C, but not vitamin E, increased serum oxygen-radical absorbance capacity (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation with vitamin C or vitamin E alone reduced lipid peroxidation to a similar extent. Supplementation with a combination of vitamins C and E conferred no benefit beyond that of either vitamin alone.
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