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Temporal dynamics of cerebro-cerebellar network recruitment during a cognitive task.
S H Annabel Chen; John E Desmond (Profiled Author: John Desmond)
Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, MC:5488, Stanford, CA 94305-5488, USA.
Previous investigations have demonstrated that two regions in the right cerebellum, one located superiorly in hemispheral lobule VI/Crus I and another located inferiorly in hemispheral lobule VIIB/VIIIA, are activated during verbal working memory performance. On the basis of functional neuroimaging patterns of activation, as well as known cortico-pontine and ponto-cerebellar projections, the superior region has been hypothesized to contribute to the articulatory control system of working memory whereas the inferior region has been linked to the phonological store. The present study used event-related fMRI and individual estimates of hemodynamic response for both the cerebellum and neocortex to test this model and characterize the task phase specific cerebro-cerebellar activations for a Sternberg verbal working memory task. Results demonstrated that the right superior cerebellum showed the strongest activation during the initial encoding phase of the task, and, consistent with predictions, a similar pattern was observed in left opercular inferior frontal and premotor regions. In contrast, the right inferior cerebellum exhibited the greatest activation during the maintenance phase of the task, and as predicted, corresponded with activation in the left inferior parietal lobule. The significance of the results with respect to cerebro-cerebellar models of verbal working memory and to theoretical accounts of cerebellar involvement in cognition is discussed.
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