The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Deletion of Keap1 in the lung attenuates acute cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress and inflammation.
David J Blake; Anju Singh; Ponvijay Kombairaju; Deepti Malhotra; Thomas J Mariani; Rubin M Tuder; Edward Gabrielson; Shyam Biswal (Profiled Authors: Edward Gabrielson; Anju Singh; Rubin Tuder; Shyam Biswal)
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology 2010;42(5):524-36.
Exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) is the primary factor associated with the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). CS increases the level of oxidants in the lungs, resulting in a depletion of antioxidants, which promotes oxidative stress and the destruction of alveolar tissue. In response to CS, pulmonary epithelial cells counteract increased levels of oxidants by activating Nrf2-dependent pathways to augment the expression of detoxification and antioxidant enzymes, thereby protecting the lung from injury. We hypothesize that increasing the pathways activated by Nrf2 will afford protection against CS-induced lung damage. To this end we have developed a novel mouse model in which the cytosolic inhibitor of Nrf2, Keap1, is genetically deleted in Clara cells, which predominate in the upper airways in mice. Deletion of Keap1 in Clara cells resulted in increased expression of Nrf2-dependent genes, such as Nqo1 and Gclm, as determined by microarray analysis and quantitative PCR. Deletion of Keap1 in airway epithelium decreased Keap1 protein levels and significantly increased the total level of glutathione in the lungs. Increased Nrf2 activation protected Clara cells against oxidative stress ex vivo and attenuated oxidative stress and CS-induced inflammation in vivo. Expression of KEAP1 was also decreased in human epithelial cells through siRNA transfection, which increased the expression of Nrf2-dependent genes and attenuated oxidative stress. In conclusion, activating Nrf2 pathways in tissue-specific Keap1 knockout mice represents an important genetic approach against oxidant-induced lung damage.
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Anju Singh; Tirumalai Rangasamy; Rajesh K Thimmulappa; Hannah Lee; William O Osburn; Regina Brigelius-Flohé; Thomas W Kensler; Masayuki Yamamoto; Shyam BiswalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology 2006;35(6):639-50.
Anju Singh; Guoyu Ling; Avvaru N Suhasini; Ping Zhang; Masayuki Yamamoto; Ana Navas-Acien; Gregory Cosgrove; Rubin M Tuder; Thomas W Kensler; Walter H Watson; et al.Free radical biology & medicine 2009;46(3):376-86.
Thomas W Kensler; Nobunao Wakabayashi; Shyam BiswalAnnual review of pharmacology and toxicology 2007;47():89-116.
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