The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Molecular imaging of the kidneys.
Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N. CarolineStreet, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Seminars in nuclear medicine 2011;41(1):20-8.
Radionuclide imaging of the kidneys with gamma cameras involves the use of labeled molecules seeking functionally critical molecular mechanisms to detect the pathophysiology of the diseased kidneys and achieve an early, sensitive, and accurate diagnosis. The most recent imaging technology, positron emission tomography, permits quantitative imaging of the kidney at a spatial resolution appropriate for the organ. H(2)(15)O, (82)RbCl, and [(64)Cu] ETS are the most important radiopharmaceuticals for measuring renal blood flow. The renin angiotensin system is the most important regulator of renal blood flow; this role is being interrogated by detecting angiotensin receptor subtype angiotensin subtype 1 receptor by the use of in vivo positron emission tomography. Membrane organic anion transporters are important for the function of the tubular epithelium; therefore, Tc99m MAG3 as well as some novel radiopharmaceuticals, such as copper-64 labeled mono oxo-tetraazamacrocyclic ligands, have been used for molecular renal imaging. In addition, other radioligands that interact with the organic cation transporters or peptide transporters have been developed. Focusing on early detection of kidney injury at the molecular level is an evolving field of great significance. Potential imaging targets are the kidney injury molecule 1, which is highly expressed in kidney injury and renal cancer but not in normal kidneys. Although pelvic clearance, in addition to parenchymal transport, is an important measure in obstructive nephropathy, techniques that focus on up-regulated molecules in response to tissue stress resulting from obstruction will be of great implication. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is a well-suited molecule here. The greatest advances in molecular imaging of the kidneys have been recently achieved in detecting renal cancer. In addition to the ubiquitous [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose, other radioligands, such as [(11)C] acetate and anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid, have emerged. Radioimmunoimaging with [(124)I] G250 could lead to radioimmunotherapy for renal cancer. Considering the increasing age of general population, the incidence of kidney diseases, such as atherosclerosis, diabetic nephropathy, and cancer, is expected to increase. Successful management of these diseases offers an opportunity and a challenge for development of novel molecular imaging technologies.
This section shows information related to the publication - computed using the fingerprint of the publication - including related publications, related experts and related grants with fingerprints representing significant amounts of overlap between their fingerprint and this publication. The red dots indicate whether those experts or terms appear within the publication, thereby showing potential and actual connections.
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R A DeFronzo; C R Cooke; R Andres; G R Faloona; P J DavisThe Journal of clinical investigation 1975;55(4):845-55.
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