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Assessment of distribution and evolution of mechanical dyssynchrony in a porcine model of myocardial infarction by cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
Khaled Z Abd-Elmoniem; Miguel Santaularia Tomas; Tetsuo Sasano; Sahar Soleimanifard; Evert-Jan P Vonken; Amr Youssef; Harsh Agarwal; Veronica L Dimaano; Hugh Calkins; Matthias Stuber; et al. (Profiled Authors: Roselle Abraham; Theodore Abraham; Hugh Calkins; Matthias Stuber; Jerry Prince)
Biomedical and Metabolic Imaging Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2012;14(1):1.
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the relationship between infarct and dyssynchrony post- myocardial infarct (MI), in a porcine model. Mechanical dyssynchrony post-MI is associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and increased mortality. METHODS: Cine, gadolinium-contrast, and tagged cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were performed pre-MI, 9 ± 2 days (early post-MI), and 33 ± 10 days (late post-MI) post-MI in 6 pigs to characterize cardiac morphology, location and extent of MI, and regional mechanics. LV mechanics were assessed by circumferential strain (eC). Electro-anatomic mapping (EAM) was performed within 24 hrs of CMR and prior to sacrifice. RESULTS: Mean infarct size was 21 ± 4% of LV volume with evidence of post-MI remodeling. Global eC significantly decreased post MI (-27 ± 1.6% vs. -18 ± 2.5% (early) and -17 ± 2.7% (late), p < 0.0001) with no significant change in peri-MI and MI segments between early and late time-points. Time to peak strain (TTP) was significantly longer in MI, compared to normal and peri-MI segments, both early (440 ± 40 ms vs. 329 ± 40 ms and 332 ± 36 ms, respectively; p = 0.0002) and late post-MI (442 ± 63 ms vs. 321 ± 40 ms and 355 ± 61 ms, respectively; p = 0.012). The standard deviation of TTP in 16 segments (SD16) significantly increased post-MI: 28 ± 7 ms to 50 ± 10 ms (early, p = 0.012) to 54 ± 19 ms (late, p = 0.004), with no change between early and late post-MI time-points (p = 0.56). TTP was not related to reduction of segmental contractility. EAM revealed late electrical activation and greatly diminished conduction velocity in the infarct (5.7 ± 2.4 cm/s), when compared to peri-infarct (18.7 ± 10.3 cm/s) and remote myocardium (39 ± 20.5 cm/s). CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical dyssynchrony occurs early after MI and is the result of delayed electrical and mechanical activation in the infarct.
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Marcus Carlsson; Nael F Osman; Philip C Ursell; Alastair J Martin; Maythem SaeedAmerican journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 2008;295(2):H522-32.
Sahar Soleimanifard; Khaled Z Abd-Elmoniem; Tetsuo Sasano; Harsh K Agarwal; M Roselle Abraham; Theodore P Abraham; Jerry L PrinceJournal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2012;14():85.
Christina M Bove; Wesley D Gilson; Christopher D Scott; Frederick H Epstein; Zequan Yang; Joseph M Dimaria; Stuart S Berr; Brent A French; Sanford P Bishop; Christopher M KramerJournal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2005;7(2):459-64.
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