The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
The presence of tat protein or tumor necrosis factor alpha is critical for herpes simplex virus type 1-induced expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
W Popik; P M Pitha (Profiled Author: Paula Pitha-Rowe)
Oncology Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231.
Journal of virology 1994;68(3):1324-33.
Tat-independent transcription of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) plays an important role in virus life cycle before biologically significant levels of Tat protein have been accumulated. Using a latently infected T-cell line containing an integrated Tat-defective HIV-1 provirus, we examined whether factors known to up-regulate the HIV-1 expression in vitro can replace the requirement for a functional Tat protein and induce the expression of the Tat-defective HIV-1 provirus. Both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection stimulated transcription of the Tat-defective HIV-1 provirus to comparable levels, but in HSV-1-infected cells, the cytoplasmic HIV-1 transcripts were not efficiently translated in the absence of Tat protein and were excluded from the large polysomes. However, HSV-1 infection did not affect the distribution of cellular gamma-actin RNA or 28S RNA in the polysomal fractions. The translational block of HIV-1 RNA was not mediated by the virion-associated host cell shutoff protein (vhs); dissociation of HIV-1 transcripts from the polysomes and inefficient translation was also observed in cells infected with the vhs-defective mutant of HSV-1 (vhs-1). Overexpression of Rev protein did not rescue the synthesis of HIV-1 proteins in these cells; however, the observed inhibition of HIV-1 RNA translation was efficiently overcome in the presence of Tat protein or TNF-alpha. These findings suggest that, in contrast to TNF-alpha, HSV-1 infection is not able to induce a full cycle of HIV-1 replication and that cytokines and Tat have a critical role in the activation of HIV-1 provirus by HSV-1.
This section shows information related to the publication - computed using the fingerprint of the publication - including related publications, related experts and related grants with fingerprints representing significant amounts of overlap between their fingerprint and this publication. The red dots indicate whether those experts or terms appear within the publication, thereby showing potential and actual connections.
W Popik; P M PithaJournal of virology 1993;67(2):1094-9.
L Luznik; G Kraus; J Guatelli; D Richman; F Wong-StaalThe Journal of clinical investigation 1995;95(1):328-32.
W Popik; P M PithaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1991;88(21):9573-7.
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