The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Role of cysteinyl-leukotrienes and histamine in mediating intrinsic tone in isolated human bronchi.
J L Ellis; B J Undem (Profiled Author: Bradley Undem)
Division of Clinical Immunology, Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21224.
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine 1994;149(1):118-22.
The intrinsic isometric tone of human isolated intralobar bronchi was evaluated in vitro. Human bronchi (inner diameter, 3 to 12 mm) were obtained from patients undergoing lung resection and from organ donors. The organ donor tissue was studied approximately 24 h after resection, during which time it was shipped to the laboratory in RPMI 1640 medium at 4 degrees C. The bronchi obtained from patients with cancer was placed in the same medium and studied within 4 h of resection. All tissues were suspended in 10-ml organ baths containing oxygenated Krebs' solution at 37 degrees C, at an initial load of 2 g. Tissues were washed every 15 min until they exhibited a stable tension (usually 60 min). Under these conditions the amount of active tension in the bronchi studied on the day of resection averaged 65 +/- 9% of the maximal response to BaCl2 (30 mM), whereas after overnight incubation it averaged 31 +/- 6%. Neither indomethacin nor atropine influenced the intrinsic tone in these tissues. By contrast, the LTD4 antagonists SKF 104353 and ICI 198615 and the histamine H-1 antagonists pyrilamine and chlorpheniramine effectively relaxed the bronchi. The 5' lipoxygenase inhibitor zileuton also produced a small fall in tension. Studies in which pyrilamine was combined with the leukotriene receptor antagonists indicated an additive effect. These results indicate that human bronchial smooth muscle exhibits a high degree of intrinsic tone, averaging more than 50% of available tone in fresh tissues studied in vitro under isometric conditions. The results suggest that this tone is due to the continual production and release of histamine and cysteinyl-leukotrienes.
This section shows information related to the publication - computed using the fingerprint of the publication - including related publications, related experts and related grants with fingerprints representing significant amounts of overlap between their fingerprint and this publication. The red dots indicate whether those experts or terms appear within the publication, thereby showing potential and actual connections.
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