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Neuronal subclass-selective loss of pyruvate dehydrogenase immunoreactivity following canine cardiac arrest and resuscitation.
Department of Biochemistry, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, 20031, USA.
Experimental neurology 2000;161(1):115-26.
Chronic impairment of aerobic energy metabolism accompanies global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion and likely contributes to delayed neuronal cell death. Reperfusion-dependent inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) enzyme activity has been described and proposed to be at least partially responsible for this metabolic abnormality. This study tested the hypothesis that global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion results in the loss of pyruvate dehydrogenase immunoreactivity and that such loss is associated with selective neuronal vulnerability to transient ischemia. Following 10 min canine cardiac arrest, resuscitation, and 2 or 24 h of restoration of spontaneous circulation, brains were either perfusion fixed for immunohistochemical analyses or biopsy samples were removed for Western immunoblot analyses of PDHC immunoreactivity. A significant decrease in immunoreactivity was observed in frontal cortex homogenates from both 2 and 24 h reperfused animals compared to samples from nonischemic control animals. These results were supported by confocal microscopic immunohistochemical determinations of pyruvate dehydrogenase immunoreactivity in the neuronal cell bodies located within different layers of the frontal cortex. Loss of immunoreactivity was greatest for pyramidal neurons located in layer V compared to neurons in layers IIIc/IV, which correlates with a greater vulnerability of layer V neurons to delayed death caused by transient global cerebral ischemia.
1 Originating Grant
1 May 1995 - 31 December 2008
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS AND STROKE
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