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amrA encodes a putative membrane protein necessary for maximal exponential phase expression of the Mga virulence regulon in Streptococcus pyogenes.
Deborah A Ribardo; Kevin S McIver (Profiled Author: Kevin S. McIver)
Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9048, USA.
Molecular microbiology 2003;50(2):673-85.
The transcriptional regulator Mga activates a regulon of virulence genes important for colonization and immune evasion in GAS. Using transposon mutagenesis of a serotype M6 group A streptococcus (GAS) reporter strain KSM148, we have identified an open reading frame (ORF) designated amrA that is required for maximal activation of the Mga regulon during exponential phase. A deletion in amrA, but not in the downstream transcriptionally linked ORF Spy0798, was able to reproduce the phenotype seen in the transposon mutants. Northern analysis for mga and emm transcripts, as well as Western analysis of Mga, confirmed a reduction in mga expression leading to a decrease in transcription of the Mga-regulated emm in the amrA deletion and transposon mutants. Furthermore, both the amrA deletion mutant and an original transposon mutant could be complemented using amrA expressed from a nisin-inducible expression system. As amrA is strongly conserved across the sequenced streptococcal M types, and inactivation of amrA in an M3 serotype also resulted in reduction of emm transcripts, the role of amrA does not appear to be serotype specific. Although the specific function of AmrA is unknown, its putative membrane localization and homology to transporters involved in cell wall synthesis suggest a link between growth and virulence gene expression in GAS.
1 Originating Grant
MCIVER, KEVIN S.
1 July 2000 - 31 January 2017
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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