The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
Mast cell-mediated changes in smooth muscle contractility during mouse giardiasis.
Department of Biology, Reiss Building, Room 406, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA.
Infection and immunity 2007;75(9):4514-8.
Giardia intestinalis is a significant cause of diarrheal disease worldwide. Infections in animal models have been shown to cause changes in gastrointestinal transit that depend on adaptive immune responses and are mediated, in part, through neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Nitric oxide is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and we therefore investigated potential excitatory pathways that might be involved in the response to Giardia infection. Infected mice exhibited increased spontaneous and cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced contractions of longitudinal smooth muscle. In contrast, enhanced contractile responses were not observed in response to acetylcholine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, or the protease-activated receptor-1 agonist peptide TFFLR. Giardia-induced changes in smooth muscle function appear to be mediated primarily by mast cells, as both spontaneous and CCK-induced contractions were blocked by pretreatment with either ketotifen or compound 48/80. Together, these data support a model in which CCK release triggers mast cell degranulation, leading to increases in smooth muscle contractility. These contractions, coupled with nitric oxide-mediated muscle relaxation, promote intestinal transit and parasite elimination.
1 Originating Grant
1 April 2001 - 30 November 2012
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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