The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in PubMed. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication. If any grants are referenced by the publication, they will be listed here as well.
The dual impact of rehabilitation admission and race/ethnicity on discharges against medical advice.
Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. email@example.com
INTRODUCTION: Predictors of hospital discharges against medical advice (AMA), including race/ethnicity, have been examined previously. However, the predictive effect of an admission for rehabilitative care has not been examined in an inpatient stroke population, nor has the impact of race/ethnicity on this relationship been reported. METHODS: Live hospital discharges with a primary diagnosis of stroke from 2000-2005 were identified in a longitudinal dataset. The outcome of interest was a discharge AMA. A hierarchical logistic model was estimated to examine the effect of race/ethnicity and rehabilitative care on the outcome while controlling for patient and hospital characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 569 of the 79,561 stroke admissions (0.7%) ended in a discharge AMA. There were 1,565 admissions for rehabilitative care and 32% of patients were non-Caucasian. Among Caucasians, adjusted odds of a discharge AMA were higher for patients with an admission for rehabilitative care (AOR = 3.83, p < 0.0001). Among those not admitted for rehabilitative care, non-Caucasian patients were more likely to leave AMA (AOR = 1.4; p = 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies dependence between race/ethnicity, rehabilitative care, and discharges AMA. More research is needed to understand the implications of differential rates of discharges AMA among race/ethnic groups and across patient care settings.
1 Originating Grant
Shuldiner, Alan R
23 September 2005 - 31 July 2010
NATIONAL CENTER FOR RESEARCH RESOURCES
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