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Evaluation of the mechanical properties of extrusion-spheronized beads and multiparticulate systems.
Stuart L Cantor; Stephen W Hoag; Larry L Augsburger (Profiled Author: Stephen W. Hoag)
School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy 2009;35(6):683-93.
BACKGROUND: The mechanical properties of extrusion-spheronized beads as part of multiparticulate systems has not been adequately studied. Aim: The purpose was to study the mechanical properties of such drug beads and blends of drug beads and glycerol monostearate (GMS)-placebo beads. METHOD: Heckel analysis (mean yield pressure, P(y)), strain rate sensitivity (SRS), elastic recovery (ER), and total work of compression (TWC) studies were conducted using a Presster(TM) linear rotary tablet machine simulator operating at several combinations of speed and force. RESULTS: The GMS-placebo beads exhibited the lowest P(y) values (9.1 +/- 1.6 MPa) and TWC (1.9 +/- 0.3 J) overall and these values steadily increased with increases in both applied speed and force. Although the placebo beads had the lowest ER values of 3.8 +/- 0.7%, these beads showed significant time-dependent deformation behavior based on their SRS value of 70.2%. Heckel analysis showed that uncoated theophylline beads containing 58% ethylcellulose were more compressible than control beads containing 58% dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, the latter having the highest overall P(y) of 79.3 +/- 3.8 MPa for the low speed/low force condition. Heckel plots also showed that 50:50 ratios of blends containing drug beads coated with either Surelease or Eudragit NE30D behaved similarly under increasing force and speed. Surelease-coated cimetidine beads gave the highest P(y), TWC, and ER values and these values were higher than Eudragit NE30D-coated beads. The 50:50 blend ratios containing coated cimetidine beads showed higher P(y), TWC, and ER values than the 60:40 ratios. CONCLUSION: Variation in the compressibility of different beads and blends can be attributed to excipients used in their formulation as well as to the drug bead-to-placebo bead ratio.
This section shows information related to the publication - computed using the fingerprint of the publication - including related publications, related experts and related grants with fingerprints representing significant amounts of overlap between their fingerprint and this publication. The red dots indicate whether those experts or terms appear within the publication, thereby showing potential and actual connections.
Stuart L Cantor; Stephen W Hoag; Christopher D Ellison; Mansoor A Khan; Robbe C LyonAAPS PharmSciTech 2011;12(1):262-78.
Simin Hassannejad Tabasi; Vikas Moolchandani; Raafat Fahmy; Stephen W HoagInternational journal of pharmaceutics 2009;382(1-2):1-6.
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