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Submicromolar Ca2+ regulates phosphorylating respiration by normal rat liver and AS-30D hepatoma mitochondria by different mechanisms.
A N Murphy; J K Kelleher; G Fiskum (Profiled Author: Gary M Fiskum)
Department of Biochemistry, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, D.C. 20037.
The Journal of biological chemistry 1990;265(18):10527-34.
The stimulation of 2-oxoglutarate and NAD(+)-isocitrate dehydrogenase by Ca2+ in mitochondria from normal tissues has been proposed to mediate partially the activation of oxidative energy metabolism elicited by physiological elevations in cytosolic Ca2+. This mode of regulation may also occur in tumor cells in which several aspects of mitochondrial metabolism are known to be altered. This study provides a comparison of the stimulation by submicromolar concentrations of Ca2+ on the rates of ATP-generating (state 3) respiration under physiologically realistic conditions by mitochondria isolated from normal rat liver and from highly malignant rat AS-30D ascites hepatoma cells. The K0.5 for activation of glutamate-dependent state 3 respiration by Ca2+ in the presence of ATP at 37 degrees C was determined to be 0.70 +/- 0.05 (S.E.) microM for hepatoma mitochondria and 0.90 +/- 0.03 microM for rat liver mitochondria. This activation was also reflected by a Ca2(+)-induced shift in the oxidation-reduction state of hepatoma mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides to a more reduced level and Ca2+ stimulation of 14CO2 production from [1-14C]glutamate. Whereas the Ca2+ sensitivity of state 3 respiration by hepatoma mitochondria can be explained by the activation of 2-oxoglutarate and possibly NAD(+)-isocitrate dehydrogenases, the Ca2+ sensitivity of liver mitochondrial respiration appears to be predominantly mediated by activation of electron flow through ubiquinone and Complex III of the electron transport chain, as indicated by the specificity of the effects of Ca2+ on respiration with different oxidizable substrates. Although rat liver and hepatoma mitochondria employ different modes of Ca2(+)-activated ATP generation, these results support the hypothesis that changes in cytosolic Ca2+ play a significant role in the potentiation of energy production in tumor, as well as normal tissue.
1 Originating Grant
FISKUM, GARY M
1 July 1983 - 30 June 1992
NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE
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