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Measurement of intracellular Ca2+ in cultured arterial smooth muscle cells using Fura-2 and digital imaging microscopy.
W F Goldman; S Bova; M P Blaustein (Profiled Author: Mordecai P Blaustein)
Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.
Cell calcium 1990;11(2-3):221-31.
A rise in cytosolic free Ca2+ is the immediate trigger for contraction in vascular smooth muscle (VSM). We employed the fluorescent Ca2(+)-indicator, Fura-2, and digital imaging microscopy to study the spatial distribution of intracellular Ca2+ in cultured A7r5 cells and the changes evoked by activation with 5-HT. Several methodological considerations that affect the temporal and spatial resolution of Ca2+ images have been addressed. These include: cytoplasmic distribution of Fura-2, wavelength selection for ratio imaging, signal:noise ratio measurement and the effect of [Ca2+] on the limits of detectability under conditions in which [Ca2+] is changing. The distribution of apparent free Ca2+, [Ca2+]App, in A7r5 cells was heterogeneous. This reflects, in part, different pools of intracellular Ca2+. [Ca2+]App was lowest in the nucleus (113 +/- 14 nM; n = 20 cells) and highest in the organelle-rich perinuclear region (228 +/- 12; n = 20), while the surrounding cytoplasmic area (containing relatively few organelles) had intermediate [Ca2+]app levels (150 +/- 13; n = 20). 5-HT (1 microM) evoked transient increases in [Ca2+]App that began within 11 s as relatively modest elevations of [Ca2+]App in the periphery, near the sarcolemma, and subsequently spread to the entire cell, reaching a peak within 18-24 s. At the peak of the Ca2+ transients, [Ca2+]App was highest in the perinuclear region where it sometimes exceeded the maximal detectable levels of the system (1.9 microM). The average peak Ca2+ transient amplitude in the non-nuclear cytoplasm was 1083 +/- 208 nM (1 microM 5-HT; n = 20 cells). Despite the continued presence of 5-HT following the Ca2+ transients, [Ca2+]App then returned to pre-stimulation levels within 5 min. These observations indicate that digital imaging microscopy enables the study of subcellular regulation of intracellular Ca2+ in VSM. The results provide new insights into the role of localized changes in Ca2+ in the regulation of VSM contractility.
2 Originating Grant
BLAUSTEIN, MORDECAI P
30 September 1985 - 31 December 1991
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE
BLAUSTEIN, MORDECAI P
1 May 1983 - 30 November 1986
NAT INST OF ARTHRITIS, DIABETES, DIGESTIVE & KIDNEY DISEASES
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