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G.O. Coodley; H.D. Nelson; M.O. Loveless; C. Folk (Profiled Author: Heidi Nelson)
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 1993;6(3):272-276.Abstract
β-Carotene has been reported to have an immunostimulatory effect. Recent studies suggest that β-carotene supplementation can increase CD4 counts in HIV-infected patients. Our double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed to test the efficacy of β-carotene in raising CD4 counts in HIV-infected patients. Twenty-one HIV-seropositive patients were randomized to receive either β-carotene, 180 mg/day or placebo for 4 weeks, and then crossed over to receive the alternative treatment for the following 4 weeks. β-Carotene resulted in a statistically significant increase in total WBC count (p = 0.01), % change in CD4 count (p = 0.02), and % change in CD4/CD8 ratios (p = 0.02) compared to placebo. The absolute CD4 count, absolute CD4/CD8 ratio, and total and B-lymphocytes all increased on carotene and fell during placebo, but these differences did not reach statistical significance. No toxicity was observed on either treatment. β-Carotene appears to have an immunostimulatory effect in HIV-infected patients. Further studies are needed to demonstrate whether β-carotene has a role as adjunct therapy in treatment of HIV-infected patients.
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G.O. Coodley; H.D. Nelson; M.O. Loveless; C. FolkAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1993;691:277-278.
Gregg O. Coodley; Marcia K. Coodley; Robert Lusk; Terrence R. Green; Anthony C. Bakke; David Wilson; Danny Wachenheim; Gary Sexton; Catherine SalvesonAIDS. 1996;10(9):967-973.
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