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An experimental study of pupil constriction for liveness detection

Xinyu Huang; Changpeng Ti; Qi-Zhenq Hou; Alade Tokuta; Ruigang Yang

(Profiled Authors: Xinyu Huang; Alade O Tokuta)

Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision. 2013:252-258.

Abstract

As iris recognition systems have been deployed in many security areas, liveness detection that can distinguish between real iris patterns and fake ones becomes an important module. Most existing algorithms focus on the appearance difference between real and fake iris (for example, printed patterns, cosmetic contact lenses etc.) which is a very difficult problem. Instead of studying image properties of fake irises, we show that pupil constriction, the fundamental characteristic of real and live irises, can be very robust for liveness detection. In this experimental study, we first build an iris acquisition system that can acquire two eye images under two different illumination conditions in a less intrusive environment. Second, in order to model the process of pupil constriction, we propose a feature descriptor that consists of similarity measurement between iris patches and ratio of iris and pupil diameters. Third, the performance of liveness prediction is evaluated based on the training of a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. The high success prediction rate shows that the classifier is effective without knowing any prior knowledge of fake irises. © 2013 IEEE.

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