Scopus Publication Detail
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Niki U. Cotten-Oldenburg; B. Kathleen Jordan; Sandra L. Martin; Lawrence Kupper (Profiled Author: Sandra L Martin)
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1999;25(1):129-149.Abstract
The large concentration of female illicit drug users in state correctional facilities prompted an examination of the associations among different types of drug use and sexual risk factors related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among women inmates. A consecutive sample of 805 women felons admitted to the North Carolina Correctional Institution for women between July 1991 and November 1992 was interviewed. Of these inmates, 651 had complete information on relevant characteristics. Of the women inmates, 73% had used drugs prior to incarceration; most women were crack smokers only (33%), followed by non-drug users (27%), other drug users (19%), crack-smoking injecting drug users (15%), and injecting drug users only (6%). Inconsistent condom use with multiple sex partners, a history of a diagnosed sexually transmitted disease (STD), a drug-injecting sex partner, or exchanging sex for money or drugs prior to incarceration were reported by 55% of the women. Sexual risk factors differed across different types of drug users, with crack-smoking injectors being placed at greatest potential risk for exposure to heterosexually transmitted HIV, followed by injecting drug users, crack smokers, and then other drug users. Given the differential associations between sexual risk factors and types of drug use, prison-based sexual-risk reduction strategies should be tailored to specific types of drug users. In times of limited resources, special attention should be given to crack smokers and/or drug injectors.
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