Scopus Publication Detail
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Acute effects of traditional Thai massage on electroencephalogram in patients with scapulocostal syndrome
Vitsarut Buttagat; Wichai Eungpinichpong; David Kaber; Uraiwon Chatchawan; Preeda Arayawichanon (Profiled Author: David B Kaber)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2012;20(4):167-174.Abstract
Objective: To investigate acute effects of traditional Thai massage (TTM) on brain electrical activity (electroencephalogram (EEG) signals), anxiety and pain in patients with scapulocostal syndrome (SCS). Design: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial. Setting: The School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand. Intervention: Forty patients, who were diagnosed with SCS, were randomly allocated to receive a 30-min session of either TTM or physical therapy (PT) using ultrasound therapy and hot packs. Outcomes: Electroencephalogram (EEG), State Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and pain intensity rating. Results: Results showed that both TTM and PT were associated with significant decreases in anxiety and pain intensity (. p<. 0.01). However, there was a significantly greater reduction in anxiety and pain intensity for the TTM group when compared with the PT group. Analysis of EEG in the TTM group showed a significant increase in relaxation, manifested as an increase in delta activity (. p<. 0.05) and a decrease in theta, alpha and beta activity (. p<. 0.01). Similar changes were not found in the PT group. The EEG measures were also significantly different when compared between the groups (. p<. 0.01), except for delta activity (. p=. 0.051), indicating lower states of arousal with the TTM treatment. Conclusion: It is suggested that TTM provides acute neural effects that increase relaxation and decrease anxiety and pain intensity in patients with SCS. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
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