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Family history of chronic disease and meeting public health guidelines for physical activity: The cooper center longitudinal study

Kerem Shuval; Chung-Yi Chiu; Carolyn E. Barlow; Kelley Pettee Gabriel; Darla E. Kendzor; Michael S. Businelle; Celette Sugg Skinner; Bijal A. Balasubramanian

(Profiled Author: Celette S Skinner)

Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2013;88(6):588-592.

Abstract

We aimed to assess whether a family history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, or cancer is linked to meeting public health guidelines for health-promoting physical activity. To achieve this objective, we analyzed data on 29,513 adults who came to the Cooper Clinic (Dallas, Texas) between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2010, for a preventive medicine visit. Patients completed a comprehensive medical survey including information on family medical history, physical activity, and other lifestyle behaviors. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between having a family history of chronic disease and meeting physical activity guidelines. The results indicated that individuals with a family history of disease had reduced odds for meeting or exceeding physical activity guidelines. For example, participants with a family history of 3 diseases were 36% less likely to meet or exceed physical activity guidelines than their counterparts without a family history of disease (odds ratio, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.58-0.72), while controlling for covariates. Among this large sample of adults, those with a family history of chronic disease were less inclined to regularly engage in physical activity. Thus, targeted programs encouraging adoption and maintenance of health-promoting physical activity might be warranted, specifically targeting individuals with familial history of disease. © 2013 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.


PMID: 23726398    

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